Salvador Dali


Salvador Domènec Felip Jacint Dalí i Domènech, Marquis de Púbol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), commonly known as Salvador Dalí  was a prominent Spanish Catalan surrealist painter born in Figueres,Spain.

Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in 1931. Dalí’s expansive artistic repertoire includes film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.

Dalí attributed his „love of everything that is gilded and excessive, my passion for luxury and my love of oriental clothes” to a self-styled „Arab lineage”, claiming that his ancestors were descended from the Moors. Dalí was highly imaginative, and also had an affinity for partaking in unusual and grandiose behavior. His eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork to the dismay of those who held his work in high esteem and to the irritation of his critics.

Dalí employed extensive symbolism in his work. For instance, the hallmark „soft watches” that first appear in The Persistence of Memory suggest Einstein’s theory that time is relative and not fixed. The idea for clocks functioning symbolically in this way came to Dalí when he was staring at a runny piece of Camembert cheese on a hot day in August.

The elephant is also a recurring image in Dalí’s works. It first appeared in his 1944 work Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening. The elephants, inspired by Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s sculpture base in Rome of an elephant carrying an ancient obelisk, are portrayed „with long, multijointed, almost invisible legs of desire” along with obelisks on their backs. Coupled with the image of their brittle legs, these encumbrances, noted for their phallic overtones, create a sense of phantom reality. „The elephant is a distortion in space”, one analysis explains, „its spindly legs contrasting the idea of weightlessness with structure.” „I am painting pictures which make me die for joy, I am creating with an absolute naturalness, without the slightest aesthetic concern, I am making things that inspire me with a profound emotion and I am trying to paint them honestly.” —Salvador Dalí, in Dawn Ades, Dalí and Surrealism.

The egg is another common Dalíesque image. He connects the egg to the prenatal and intrauterine, thus using it to symbolize hope and love; it appears in The Great Masturbator and The Metamorphosis of Narcissus. The Metamorphosis of Narcissus also symbolized death and petrification. Various animals appear throughout his work as well: ants point to death, decay, and immense sexual desire; the snail is connected to the human head (he saw a snail on a bicycle outside Freud’s house when he first met Sigmund Freud); and locusts are a symbol of waste and fear

Persistence of Memory

Paysage aux papillons

Giraffe

Three Sphinxes of Bikini

The Dream

Galathea of the Spheres

Soft Watch

Agression

Swans Reflecting Elephants

Leda Atomica

Atavism after rain

Baby Map of the World

Autumn Canibalism

The Rose

Original Mae West

Alegorie de soie

Ballerina in a Dead's Head

Flight of a Bumblebee

Portrait of Gala with Two Lamb Chops Balanced on Her Shoulder

Soft Self Portrait

The Elephants

Invisible Bust of Voltaire

Air Large

Elephants

Afgano Invisible

Apparition Face Art

Woman with a Head of Roses

The Dream

The Visage of War

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